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As her daughters play with a mobile phone, Aramatou Maiga winnows grain to cook for her family in Segou, Mali. She was displaced when Islamist rebels seized the north of the country, including her home town of Gao, in 2012. The Islamists were chased out in early 2013 by French troops. Many displaced and refugee families have yet to return, preferring to wait for better security and improved economic conditions in the north.